The Indicator from Planet Money - How To Use Globalization To Fight Disease

Globalization and urbanization historically have made the global economy more productive and efficient — and also more vulnerable to pandemics. But now they can be forces for good in the fight against pandemics.

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Content Keywords: Trends urbanization station car diffuser show people disease economy disease
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Heaven station car diffuser this is the indicator from Planet Money for most of human history the trends of globalization and urbanization have been both a blessing and a curse. You can think of globalization as countries trading more with each other and more people traveling between countries and urbanization is the rise of cities in which people work and live closely together. These two Trends can make the world a richer place because they make the global economy more productive more efficient at the same time because both of these Trends increase human contact, they connect the world historically they've also made the world more vulnerable to infectious disease to a pandemic and other words or at least they did until the 19th century. That's when better sanitation and especially advances in medicines like antibiotics and vaccines started to make globalization and urbanization safer. But ironically these advances also increase the amount of globalization and urbanization in the world. So,

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If an infectious disease ever did you don't slip through the cracks the global economy would suffer terribly just like its suffering now Charles county is a senior fellow at the center for Global development. And we spoke to him earlier this year. Not long after the coronavirus had just broken out all across the u.s. And we are re-airing that show today because his new book about the past and future of fighting infectious diseases is about to come out. It's called the plague cycle the unending war between humanity and infectious disease and it is probably very clear by now is this isn't going to be the last time that we find a new disease. So I hope there is some lessons today covid-19 and then it producer lessons on how to do it. Better. Next time trials makes is especially provocative, even though globalization and urbanization it can spread

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Need more quickly. They have also become powerful forces in fighting against infectious diseases and rather than trying to reverse these Trends the world says Charles should actually embrace them after the break Charles tells us why and how

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This message comes from NPR sponsor avalara, providing cloud-based sales tax Solutions for businesses of all sizes. Abellera automatically integrates with more than 700 E R P & E Commerce system. Learn more at a valero.com indicator Charles. Your argument is not Justa globalization was made safer by improvements in sanitation and Medicine Institute started in the 19th century, but they actually buy the 1960s and 1970s globalization itself actually started becoming helpful in the fight against infectious diseases. So tell us what started happening back then in the 60s and 70s and spreading disease of fools. We see global efforts to roll back. Malaria. We see the global smallpox Campaign, which is accessible to wipe out smallpox. We see vaccination campaigns against measles and dipstick.

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Different diseases with killing Millions widen is now about 70 years, which is way above a double what it was for most of History bonds to the spread of coronavirus or other infectious diseases is to do less globalization or or less urbanization DoubleDown. And the reason that the right solutions to double down on globalization and no dilation is because they are also the infrastructure that allows us to respond for betta to infectious disease than we have in the past. If you really want to stop infectious disease spreading worldwide you have to go back to pre-columbus time's right. I was crossing the sea and arriving in the new world to bring

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A whole bunch of infectious diseases from Europe and Africa to the Americas. It's just implausible to imagine we could ever go back to a level of globalization that would really stop diseases spreading eventually if the disease is the type that's going to spread worldwide. So what we need to do is make sure the globalization is a. Not only for spreading disease, which I admit it is a certain speeds up the spread of disease to being a force that helps control those diseases as they spread. It is already we just need to do more of it obviously were the arguments in favor of globalization traditionally has been that it makes the global economy more efficient because countries can each specialize in the thing that they're best at making and in the case of coronavirus the US does not typically make most of the medical equipment that it needs to fight the virus at Imports most of that equipment and so if trade is

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When did right now it's going to hurt the us and it also applies to the idea that the US would ban exports of its own stuff its own equipment because in other countries can retaliate and not export their stuff to the US and so it would it would make little sense for countries to start limiting trade with each other at the very moment that everybody's scrambling to get the equipment that it needs. It's not just about being a good thing. We will benefiting from globally more efficiently produced personal protective equipment in terms of reception to the development of Cuba. So one of the things that the World Health Organization is doing is organizing a Global Research effort to look at effective treatments for covid-19, and that really matters because covid-19 comes and goes in waves from one place to another is we've seen already if you want to have really big numbers of people involved in the trial.

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How to get really accurate results when what works and what doesn't having trials going on the same trouble going on in multiple different countries in multiple stages of the waves of covid-19 means you can get much better result much faster in the first successful test for whether people had covid-19 spread the knowledge about how to do those tests worldwide very first, so we're already benefiting from globalization in terms of speeding up our ability to respond to the threat of covet there should be more International coordination and exchange and trade because for example, we have seen bands on exports of goods and there has been a lot of distrust and it the global institutions, especially that are tasked with helping fight this disease.

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Especially the World Health Organization. So let me just ask though. How would you grade the world response so far response we've had before in history and a large number of countries under the auspices of the World Health Organization had got together and try and do this in a way that has lived the maximum benefit as fast as possible and that he's again is something that we doing better than we have in the puff know as well as we should be doing the better than we have in the past. The tests have been share their research is being shared the findings of what works and what doesn't he's lovely being shared worldwide and that's fantastic news. This episode of the indicator was produced by Camille Peterson and Nick Fountain indicators edited by Patty Hearst and is a production of NPR.
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