6 Minute English - The woman whose cells never die

Rob and Georgina discuss medical research and teach you related vocabulary.

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Content Keywords: Henrietta Lacks BBC IVF person download
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Hello, this is 6 Minute English from BBC learning English. I'm Rob Galileo Galilei having, Georgina and last names that start with the same letter another similarity. It's their amazing contributions to Art and Science what only recognized after that day. I know another person whose huge contribution to science went unrecognized during her lifetime rope but unlike Van Gogh or Galileo. You probably haven't heard of her. She's the subject of this program. Henrietta Lacks was a young black American mother who died of cancer in Baltimore in 1951. She never consented to at issues being used for medical research doctors at a time found two cells to have an extraordinary ability to replace themselves endlessly.

What sort of medical breakthroughs from the polio vaccine to cancer drugs to HIV and IVF treatments slaves Henrietta and her cells continue to provide medical discoveries to this day. It's time for my quiz question. I mentioned that Henrietta Lacks was born 100 years ago, but do you know what other medical breakthrough happened in 1921 was the discovery of insulin be the discovery of penicillin or see the discovery of the discovery of insulin will find out if that's right later on.

now it was henrietta's biography by science writer Rebecca skloot that brought her remarkable story to the world's attention a decade ago is important to BBC World Service program The Forum

so much of Science is based on growing cells in culture which started with her cells in vitro fertilization that started with the ability to grow embryos and culture what you can do in part thanks to her cells. So delicious is on right now. People are often asking how it how are Hela cells helping with coded scientists work that out very quickly using her cell. So they figured out what the receptor looks like and they did the same thing with HIV cells to figure out or understand how cells reproduce and divide knowledge is vital in developing in vitro fertilization or IVF a technique for women who cannot become pregnant naturally in which an egg is fertilized outside the body cells and to understand how they work. We need to grow them in a lab.

No one has succeeded in doing this until henrietta's extraordinary cells which just grew and grew this result. But later in AIDS and cancer breakthrough, which is why Rebecca refers to Hela cells as a Workhorse meaning someone who does a lot of work his professor of genetics. So John Byrne talking to BBC World service's The Forum edition of polio in Africa, so the century of her birth, it seems rather symbolic the unwitting contribution to Medicine eventually eradicated that screwed if mankind don't burn cause polio a Scourge meaning something causing much pain and suffering during this terrible disease is all the more remarkable.

He was never asked permission to use a cells for research family to win their grandmother the recognition she deserves this contribution unwitting. It was made without her knowledge or consent the eyes of the world now focused on vaccines for the coronavirus. This year is a symbolic time to celebrate Tustin scenery the 100th anniversary of an important event into the history books, but something else remarkable happened 100 years ago didn't sit. Well. Yes, you mean my quiz question. I asked you which important medical breakthrough a code 100 years ago in 1921, which was the correct answer discovered by Canadian. Dr. Frederick Banting insulin save the lives of millions of diabetics.

Recovery from this program starting with in vitro fertilization or IVF a medical technique for women who cannot become pregnant naturally Henry doctors figure out or understand a lot about how cell growth and led to so many medical discoveries. We might call him a Workhorse something which works extremely hard a scotch means something that causes much pain and suffering like the terrible diseases which henrietta's unwitting or unknowing contribution help eradicate your of Hope and the perfect time to celebrate discontinuity of above its 100th anniversary at six minutes English.

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