6 Minute English - Covid: One year on

Over a year on since the first outbreak, what have we learnt? We talk about the pandemic.

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Hello, this is 6 Minute English from BBC learning English on nail about something the whole world knows about coronavirus covid-19 has being responsible for moving to Maine deaths globally a disease that affects many people around the world unsurprisingly. We've discussed this a lot on 6 Minute English, but over a year on since the first outbreak, it's good to take stock or look back over the situation and see what we have learned and find out how a neurologist changed in a 1918 stroke 1990 Spanish Flu swept across the world. Do you know approximately how many people were infected by it? Was it a 5 million V 50 million or seat 500 million?

Song going for the old phone number of 500 million back to the current coronavirus pandemic. It was only at the end of December 2019 when reports of the new flu, like infection pus came out of China within weeks millions of people were in lockdown as the virus took hold around the world came stronger and was difficult to stop will have to change the way we live to stop it spreading but while we played our part by washing our hands wearing masks and staying at home. Some people were busy watching for a solution to fight this deadly virus. Their response was immediate and it's something the BBC World Service program science in action has been reflecting on at the beginning of the outbreak genuine. Ivory wallet is from University College London Sprint to the program about her concerns if the virus turned out to be like flu

Here's what she said.

Seasonal flu is a huge killer and that you've probably seen the numbers that makes it makes the Wuhan virus look a bit wimpy, but that's simply because of the sheer number of people the flu infectious every year and if the Wuhan virus started spreading like that and going all over the world, you would see a lot of people dead. This is why people are worried.

So we know flu is a virus that can spread easily and can affect many many people. This is why at the time comparing it with a new coronavirus make covid-19.

Despite whatever on the side of the system to find unusual pneumonia cases. We now think that that's just in case in maybe not on the first actual case of covered but the soundly within a couple of months in the first case it seems so that's quite quick and then from that point to aren't you getting a full genome sequence of the darra was very quick and getting that published and publicly available and then rapidly developing diagnostic test.

So China had a scientific system with kicked in will started happening quite quickly within a few months of the first coronavirus outbreak experts began to work out the full Genome of the virus. That's the full amount of genetic information of something with made publicly available and helped with the development of various vaccines that we see now, which is hopefully our way out of this pandemic. Let's hope so Georgina. The science is amazing and is explained in more detail in the BBC science in action program. But now let's get back to our quiz question earlier. I asked you how many people were infected by Spanish Flu back in 1918 and 1919. You were incredible wealth infected by the Spanish flu virus and 50 million people died worldwide, but it's still a significant number.

Okay. Well, we've just time to recap some of the vocabulary we discuss today starting with pandemic a disease that affects many people around the world difficult to stop the word wimpy describe something or someone that stable will not very strong something that is great or significant. Social numbers means a great amount of something when something kicks in it starts to happen and a jean time is the full amount of genetic information of something in our website at BBC learning English. Calm and if you like topical discussions, I want to learn how to use the vocabulary found in headlines why not try out on news review podcast, you'll find program specifically about covid-19 and lots of other interesting topics. Remember, we also have an app that you can download for free from the App Stores and if

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